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Floor coverings for home and office

Flooring laying and care for it

News and information/ Flooring laying and care for it
LVT
How to care for LVT


- use special washing agents for PVC-coatings or soap solution;
- do not use abrasives, alkali, acids (including household ones) and scotchbrite pads;
- immediately remove stains (if needed technical-grade alcohol can be used);

What tools and materials are needed for LVT installation

Vinyl tiles laid by glue method:
- knife
- fret saw
- pencil
- T-shaped ruler
- measuring tape
- cleat wedges
- pallette-knife
- glue
- roller

Lock-type vinyl tiles:
- knife
- saw or arc cutter
- pencil
- T-square
- measuring tool
- gaskets (wedges).

How to lay LVT

Vinyl tiles laid by glue method:

Conditioning:

At least during 48 hours vinyl tiles shall be conditioned at the temperature of 18-25°С. This temperature shall be maintained during the whole process of laying and during the following 24 hours.

Requirements to the substrate:

- solid: no less than the design values (for domestic spaces – edge test). Remove all soft substrates, if any (PVC, carpet flooring, linoleum, cork flooring, etc.)
- smooth: the height difference shall not exceed 3 mm per 1 m and 1 mm per 20 cm
- dry
- clean

Laying

Laying of glue-type vinyl tiles shall be the last operation in the project. In particular kitchen cupboards and fireplaces shall not be installed on the floor surface.

Measure the room for uniform laying of vinyl tiles, the first and the last row shall not be less than 5 cm.

Start laying of the first row with a whole bar lengthwise and then complete the first row without using the glue. Make sure that the first row is laid straight, it can be achieved with the help of a chalk marking chord.

Vinyl tiles can be easily cut with the help of a knife. Always cut panels with the face upwards.

After cutting of vinyl tiles remove certain elements and apply the glue to the floor in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations, then lay the tiles end to end. After laying of a single section roll it with a roller weighing 45 kg for better adhesion with the substrate and repeat the procedure for the rest of the room. Leave the floor for 24 hours at the temperature of 18-25°С.

Lock-type vinyl tiles:

Conditioning:

Before laying it is important to condition the tiles during 48 hours in a room at ambient temperature (18-25°C). This temperature shall also be maintained during the laying of tiles and at least during 24 hours after it.

Requirements for the substrate:

To achieve an ideal result it is necessary to thoroughly prepare subflooring. Unevenness and roughness of subflooring (more than 3 mm per 1m) can show up on the new coating, which will affect the floor esthetics and lead to excessive wear of prominent parts and indentation in cavities. Remove all traces of plaster, paint, glue, oil, lubricant, etc. Subflooring shall be dry, clean and smooth. Remove any textile floor coatings (such as carpets, needle-punched felt, etc.). Remove all construction wastes (including nails) and clean with a vacuum cleaner.

Vinyl tiles can be installed on concrete, tiles, wood and most of the existing hard coatings provided that the surface is smooth, dry and clean. The coating is resistant to moisture, but subflooring shall be checked for any problems related to moisture. If there are any, sealing shall be performed before laying of the coating. Excessive moisture can lead to formation of mold or fungus.

Difference in height shall not exceed 3 mm per 1 m and 2 mm per 20 cm, otherwise subflooring shall be leveled with the help of a corresponding plaster or mixture for leveling and the need for sealing shall be checked.

Laying

PureClick floor coating shall be laid by “floating” method which implies movement in any direction with sufficient free space up to all walls and any fixed objects, i.e. no need to screw it or nail it to subflooring. During a repair laying of the floor shall be the last operation. It is forbidden to install kitchen furniture, fireplaces, etc. on the floor coating.

To calculate the option of balanced laying of tiles measure the room. After doing so you will be able to determine whether it is necessary to cut short the first row. The first and the last row shall be at least 5 cm in width. If the first row does not need alignment across the width remove all locks from the side contacting the wall. It is important to leave a gap of 8 mm along the total perimeter of the floor and around columns, pipes, thresholds, etc..

The maximum recommended area of tile laying is 20 х 20 m. In door openings and (or) rooms with the length or width of more than 20 m it is necessary to use embedded guides. To make non-uniformity of the color shade less visible use boards from different boxes mixed up. Thus you will be able to achieve a more natural result. Don’t use a hammer for joining of boards. With the help of a utility knife with a retractable blade cut the bars with the decorative side upwards. Before starting laying of the next row make sure that connections of the short side are shifted by a least 30 cm. Start a new row with the piece remaining from the previous row, if its length is not less than 30 cm. Probably you will have to cut it a little bit more in order to match it with the lock of the previous row. Before starting laying of the next row make sure that connections of the short side are shifted by at least 20 cm. Start a new row with the piece remaining from the previous row if its length is not less than 20 cm. Probably you will have to cut it a little bit more in order to match it with the lock of the previous row.

The lock of a new row shall be installed exactly in between two locks of the previous row. From the second row always start with connection on the short side and then proceed to the long side. For laying of the last row put a new board exactly on top of the last laid board. Put one more board alongside with the face downwards and mark its position on the bottom board. Cut short the board according to the marking and fix it in place. Similarly cut short all the boards of the last row. For laying of tiles near door molding put a board near it with the face downwards. Cut the board short and insert it under the molding.

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